Dr.sathya balasubramanyam

MD DNB MRCOG (UK) FNB(Reprod med)

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Third party reproduction is considered as an alternative approach towards parenthood. It encompasses many sensitive factors such as sperm, egg, embryo donation and surrogacy. They are clouded with several legal, religious and ethical aspects of life. However, third party reproduction is bounded with the help of specific indications, which outline the different medical and legal aspects of the procedure.

third party reproduction

Scope of third party reproduction

Third party reproduction techniques are usually done, when conception is impossible due to an inadequacy in the male or female gametes or both, in spite of different treatment. Surrogacy becomes a preferred option when reproductive organ abnormalities make it impossible for a woman to carry a child in her womb successfully.

Donated sperms are usually required in case of azoospermia in a male. They are also needed in cases where the sperm lacks in normal morphology or in couples where the male partner is affected by chromosomal defects. This method helps couples who are heterozygous or where the male partner is homozygous to have a healthy baby.

Donor insemination is faced with a lot of ethical issues these days, owing to its nature to go beyond several cultivated religious beliefs. It brings about a certain level of psychological impact to the man as he might feel a sense of alienation from the whole process of conception. He should also be mentally prepared to bring up a baby that is not liked with him genetically.

The process of sperm donation and storage are done in an ordered and scientific manner. Sperm banks are maintained scientifically to safely store the donated sperms in a frozen state. They are screened to test for the presence of disorders such as HIV, VDRL and so on and then stored in phials, marked with details and identification number of the donor. The details include the physical build, height, weight, hair or eye colour and so on.

Egg donation is another process involved in third party reproduction. This procedure can be used in women wishing for a baby but being able to conceive due to poor ovarian reserve, poor egg quality, eminent menopause or due to chromosomal disorders. The donors are evaluated for the presence of chromosomal defects, hereditary diseases, infectious diseases and ovarian reserve.

Embryo donation is another technique that is used for couples who face severe oocyte dysfunction or deficiencies. It offers an opportunity to go through the stages of pregnancy and delivery, although the baby would not be genetically linked to them. The source of embryos is often from those created during other successful IVF procedures.

Surrogacy although clouded by various opinions helps many couples in having a baby that is genetically their own. In these cases, the surrogates are thoroughly evaluated and counselled with the various nuances of the procedure. Only the best are selected to carry your precious ones. The process is strictly bound within legal boundaries well before it is initiated.

We do not intend to influence your decision making in any way. We hold your religious and ethical beliefs with utmost respect. However, if you are willing to go ahead with these techniques, we are here, wholeheartedly to assist you.


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Dr. Sathya Balasubramanyam

FNB(Reprod med)

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